A mosquito bite swelling is usually a form of allergic reaction. With time the body does adjust and have some tolerance and you may notice the reaction to the bites may not be as bad. The bite is usually made worse as a result of itching brought about by irritation caused when the female mosquito bites. The saliva acts as an anti-coagulant for the mosquito as it sucks blood however the enzymes and proteins it secretes are detected by the human body and fought off by antibodies, it is this histamine that causes the itching sensation.
Some people are able to tolerate the itch but for some the allergic reaction causes a big mosquito bite swelling since they are allergic. It is important to seek medical advice if one suspects they are allergic. It is also important to take preventive measures such as wearing long sleeved shirts and long trousers, Ibuprofen can also be used to help reduce the swelling.
Some other home based measures that are popular and could also help reduce a mosquito bite swelling include:
- Papin solution: this can be applied to the mosquito bite swelling, it helps in breaking down protein that was in the saliva of the mosquito and as a result provides quick relief.
- Sudsy Ammonia: As soon as symptoms of bite swelling start ammonia should be applied this will help reduce itching and the swelling.
- Hot Water Therapy: Running hot water over the bite area also provides a reprieve and helps reduce the itching.
- Fruits: Lemon juice or slices of lemon or a banana peel can be rubbed over the bite for relief.
- Creating a paste: baking soda, tooth paste or meat tenderizers can also be used by mixing with some water and applied over the mosquito bite area to reduce swelling
- Herbal: Vegetable and lavender oil can also be mixed to lessen the itching and the swelling. Aloe- vera is also a plan whose compounds help soothe the affected area
- Creams: Hydrocortisone cream and calamine lotion
- Ice: this can be used to avoid histamine from getting into the skin, it helps ssothe the affected area.
- Salt: a small amount of salt paste can be used to help ease the pain and itchiness of a mosquito bite swelling.
- Antihistamines can also be taken to help reduce swelling and itchiness; there is also medication like Ibuprofen that helps reduce inflammation.
It is very important not to scratch the mosquito bite swelling as this would just lead to more infection and extend the discomfort, swelling and itchy feeling. Ironically not scratching the affected area is a form of treatment after being bitten by a mosquito. If swelling or redness of the skin around the bite doesn’t reduce with the suggested remedies it’s important to get medical advice and get treatment before it becomes even more serious. It’s important to remember that the most effective way to prevent against mosquito bite swelling is to exercise preventive measures and do as much as one can to avoid being bitten.